Wedding Pandits in Bangalore | Marriage Pandits & Priests in Bangalore

Marriage Pandits & Priests in Bangalore

Marriages, according to Hindu beliefs are made in heaven, and once you’re married, the bond is meant to last for seven lifetimes. it’s considered to be a turning point in an individual’s life as he enters the second important phase or ashram of his life – the ‘Garhasthyaashram’. tons of importance is related to marriages in Hinduism because it is considered to be one among the foremost important duties of a man’s life. Through marriage he’s paying his debt to his forefathers, by procreating children and ensuring continuation of his family’s lineage. Hindu weddings are long processes, with various rituals which will take days to be executed. Every single custom and practice during a wedding has deep philosophical and spiritual significance. Throughout the planet the Hindus adhere to those set of rituals and continue on the traditions of marriage that’s unique amongst those within the world.

Types of Weddings

According to Hindu sacred texts like Asvalayana Garhyasutra and Atharvaveda, eight differing types of marriages are recognized by the traditional Hindu society. Four of them were categorized as ‘Prashasta’ or proper marriages conducted by following appropriate religious customs. The remaining four were considered as ‘Aprashasta’, which mentioned inappropriate unions between man and woman that didn’t follow any Vedic or religious ceremony .

The various sorts of Prashasta marriages are as follows –

Brahma– it’s the wedding that takes place upon receiving mutual consent from both bride and groom’s families. it’s considered the foremost appropriate sort of marriage in Hindu society.

Daiva – The daughter is dressed up with fine clothes and ornaments and is obtainable as a sacrifice fee to the Deity. this sort of weddings was prevalent during yajna sacrifices in past .

Arsha – the father gives away his daughter in exchange for a cow and a bull from the groom’s family. The groom takes an oath to effectuate his commitment towards the bride and her family.

Prajapatya – Here the couple marry by uttering Sanskrit verses promising eternal love in presence of their families. this is often almost like a contemporary day civil ceremony where neither priest nor religious rites are performed.

The various sorts of Aprashasta marriages are –

Gandharva – The bride and therefore the groom either start cohabitation as a few out of affection and mutual consent or marry without a proper ceremony also as without the consent of their families.

Asura – during this sort of marriage, the bride’s father has been intimidated or bribed by the groom or his family into giving his consent to abandoning his daughter for marriage.

Rakshasha – In these sorts of marriage the bride is forced into marrying against her consent.

Paisacha – this is often the foremost brutal of all kinds of marriages, where the groom forces himself upon the bride first then accepts her as his bride.

The last two sorts of marriages weren’t only indecorous but also religiously impermissible.

Hindu marriages are supported age old traditions that are translated into laws. consistent with traditions, a Hindu marriage can’t be reversed and is irrevocable. the fashionable day Hindu Marriage laws prohibit Polygamy or Polyandry. In India also as most Hindu cultures across the planet , arranged marriages are still the foremost preferred way of getting hitched. Consent and happiness of the families are of utmost important in Hindu culture because the marriage not only union of two souls, but also union of two families.

Variations in Hindu Weddings across India

Weddings among Hindus in India are a group of complex customs and vary considerably from region to region. Each community has their own spin on the essential Hindu wedding supported geographical location and cultural influences. While in some communities, it’s an easy but elegant affair, in others, weddings spell grandeur and pomp. In North India the marriage proceedings are generally termed as ‘Vivah Sanskar’ whereas in most of South India it’s mentioned as ‘Kalyanam’. Hindu weddings are basically a Yajna ritual with the hearth Deity or Agni because the primary witness. The rituals are primarily handled and administered along side Sanskrit Mantras, consistent with guidelines laid down thousands of years ago by sages who created the Vedas. In some cultures weddings happen during daytime, while in others they’re held only after sunset. In some communities just like the Kerala Nairs weddings are matrilineal rather than patriarchal which the norm is nearly everywhere else. While most north Indian weddings are big on fun, frolic and colours , weddings in South India are comparatively demure and modest.

Although, there are countless variations across the country when it involves wedding rituals, but among most Hindu communities, weddings are elaborate events with multiple rituals being observed throughout many days. The common theme of all different versions is that the fervor along side a proclivity towards adherence to traditions. Also involvement of the relatives and friends are must in Indian Hindu weddings. There are certain common pre-wedding, day and post-wedding customs that are generally observed by all Hindus.

Pre-wedding Rituals

As arranged marriages are still the first mode of marriage among Hindu, pre-wedding ceremonies are directed towards finding the right match by a prospective bride or groom’s families. that’s either through a family friend or knowledgeable matchmaker, or from a modern perspective through matrimonial sites. Even within the context where the couples who are going for a love marriage, the 2 families are to be introduced to every other and agree upon the finer points of the approaching union. Most communities stress upon a horoscope matching before proceeding further in an arranged marriage. If the celebs of the boy and girl are in perfect harmony, then the wedding talks proceed further. the 2 families meet to debate the finer details of the approaching event. A date is fixed when the formal announcement of the marriage will happen . this is often generally referred to as the Engagement ceremony.

The engagement ceremony is understood by many names – Sagai in Haryana, Roka in Punjab, Sakhar Puda in Maharashtra, Kasamdry among Kashmiri Pandits, Tilak among Marwaris, Nishchayam or Nishchaya Thamboolam in South India and Ghor Dana among Gujaratis. Exchange of rings may happen in some cultures between the bride and groom-to be. But there’s nearly always an exchange of gifts between the 2 families symbolizing acceptance of the match and as a gesture of welcoming into each other’s families. In most cases, the date of the marriage is set on the day of the engagement ceremony. Generally there’s a niche of a couple of months between the engagement and therefore the wedding for the families to organize for the large day. because the day approaches, there are a couple of rituals that are observed like Ganesh Puja, Mehendi, Sangeet and Haldi.

In most cultures, a Puja is held by both the bride and groom’s families. The families pray to Lord Ganesha to get rid of all obstacles from the couple’s life path.

Mehendi is usually a North Indian tradition where a paste of henna is applied on the bride’s and groom’s hands. For the bride the designs are intricate, elaborate and artistic. Women within the family gathers and obtain henna designs applied to their hands also . Nowadays other cultures like Bengalis and South Indians have also adopted this tradition of applying Mehendi before wedding. The Sangeet may be a fun-filled ceremony where both the families get together to perform song-dance routines, and obtain to understand one another better. this is often a predominantly North Indian practice also , especially among Punjabis and Gujaratis, but has been widely adopted by other cultures also . The Haldi ceremony may be a quite common ritual among most communities in India. Turmeric is ground to a paste along side other ingredients that change from culture to culture. This paste in applied to both the bride’s and groom at their respective places by women elderly members of their families before they’re washed by sacred water. The Haldi Ceremony is understood by many an name across the country, Gaye Holud among Bengalis, Pithi among Gujaratis and Mangala Snanam among Tamilians.

Wedding Rituals

The key steps of Hindu wedding ritual are Kanyadaan and Paanigrahan, Vivaah Homa, Laja Homa and Agni Pradakshina, and eventually Saptapadi consistent with Grihya sutras. Other rituals vary consistent with regional cultures but these are the key steps of a Hindu Marriage without which the wedding wouldn’t be considered complete. Traditionally, the bride’s parents host the marriage ceremony and therefore the groom and his family are the guests coming back from outside to the Mandap. the entire wedding kind of depicts a story of first meeting of the bride and therefore the groom at the marriage mandap, the bride’s parents giving her away to the present worthy man, the couple committing to every other ahead of the sacred fire followed by the couple taking the seven vows of commitment to the wedding and therefore the friends and families blessing the newly wedded couple.

The groom arrives at the bride’s house and he’s welcomed by the bride’s parents first with an arti, then by feeding a drink of milk and honey referred to as Madhu Parka ceremony and eventually before he arrives at the mandap the bride’s father washes the groom’s feet. The bride arrives at the mandap and therefore the couple lay their eyes on one another . These rituals are presented in various forms among different Indian communities.

The father of the bride then gives her away to the groom during a ceremony referred to as Kanyadaan. The left of the bride is placed on the groom’s right and therefore the bride’s parents utter the subsequent words while giving her away ‘Today, the bride is Laxmi and therefore the groom is Vishnu. By joining their hands in marriage, we’ll repay the debt to our forefathers by continuing subsequent life cycle.’ Kanyadaan is considered to be the noblest act of offering that an individual can perform and by doing it the oldsters of the bride are absolved of all their bad karmas. The groom accepts the bride’s hand and that they promise one another that while pursuing a lifetime of Dharma, Artha and Kama, they’re going to remain faithful to every other. this is often referred to as Paanigrahan.

Next the sacred fire is lit at the middle of the wedding mandap and is considered to be the prime witness of the marriage rituals. The couple feed ghee to the hearth as offering and prays to the Gods for Santati (children), Sampatti (wealth & prosperity) and Deergharogya (long and healthy lives). this is often referred to as the Vivaha Homa. During the Laja Homa, the bride’s brother pours rice on her palms and therefore the couple offers it to the sacred fire together. The ends of their garments are tied during a knot and that they perform Agni Pradakshina where they create seven circles round the Sacred Fire uttering the promise to every other to be eternal partners and complement one another in life’s journey. At the top of the seventh circle the bride moves to the left side of the groom indicating that she is now a part of his life. the ultimate most vital ritual during a Hindu Wedding is that the Saptapadi or the Seven Sacred Vows. The bride takes seven symbolic steps while pushing a stone along the ground together with her left foot while the groom assists her. They reiterate the aspirations of their married life as each step signifies a selected promise that the couple make to every other which are as follows –

First step: To respect and honor one another
Second step: To share each other’s joy and sorrow
Third step: To trust and be loyal to every other
Fourth step: To cultivate appreciation for knowledge, values, sacrifice and repair
Fifth step: to understand purity of emotions, love, family duties and spiritual growth
Sixth step: To follow principles of Dharma
Seventh step: To nurture endless bond of friendship and love
On completion of this ritual the wedding is concluded and therefore the couple seeks blessings from elders of the families.

Post-wedding Rituals

The post wedding rituals primarily comprises of Vidaai, welcoming of the bride at the groom’s house and reception. During the Vidaai ceremony the family of the bride gives her an emotional send-off and therefore the bride throws back three handfuls of rice and coin over her shoulders to suggest end of her debt to her parents for nurturing her and wishing prosperity upon them.

On the arrival at the groom’s house, the new couple is welcomed by the groom’s mother, with a standard aarti. The bride enters her in-laws house by displacing a container crammed with rice signifying that she is that the bringer of abundance to her new family. She then dips her feet during a mixture of red vermillion and enters the house, leaving foot prints on the ground . This ritual is practiced because the bride is considered as a sort of Goddess Laxmi. After this, variety of wedding games are played to form the bride comfortable.

A reception is either organized by the bride’s family after the marriage rituals are completed to feed guest and obtain them to bless the couple. Or in some cultures it’s arranged by the groom’s family after the bride has arrived from her paternal home.

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